. ~ Mahatma Gandhi Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever. ~ Mahatma Gandhi When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they can seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi (महात्मा mahātmā Great Soul). In India he is generally regarded as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ bāpu father), Jathi Pitha and Raashtra Pitha; he was an advocate and pioneer of nonviolent social protest and direct action in the form he called Satyagraha
Life Love Where You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty The Top 10 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. Imitation is the sincerest flattery.. In a gentle way, you can shake the world.. I suppose leadership at one time meant muscles; but today it means getting along with people.. In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place.. Live as if you were to die tomorrow
Mahatma Gandhi Quotes About Life. God has no religion.. Full effort is a full victory.. Action expresses priorities.. Nonviolence is impossible without humility.. Common sense is the realized sense of proportion.. Service without humility is selfishness and egotism.. Truth without humility would be an. Mahatama Gandhi Quotes on Life: Faith is not something to grasp, it is a state to grow into. Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes. Imitation is the sincerest flattery Being a writer his quotes are still being read as they have the power to bring about positive changes in society and the way people live. Here are the famous Mahatma Gandhi quotes that have inspired millions and continue to transform the world. 1. Be the change you want to see in the world
. 180 Inspiring Quotes By Mahatma Gandhi That Will Make You Want To Change The World. Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement. Born On: October 2, 1869. Died On: January 30, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes about love and life Gandhi quotes are the change for us 24 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes About Freedom, Leadership & Power The spiritual leader of Indians, Mahatma Gandhi, was an avid advocate of people's freedom to live and to let live. However, he was opposed to the idea that people should fight their way to attain or get Freedom or, for that matter, Justice
Gandhi Quotes On Life God sometimes does try to the uttermost those whom he wishes to bless. I consider myself a Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Jew, Buddhist, and Confucian. Though we may know Him by a thousand names, He is one and the same to us all - Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. Ignore the haters because once you become successful, the joke will be on them. Out of all famous Mahatma Gandhi quotes, this one is real powerful as it shows why your haters don't matter. 7. You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become. The following list of wonderful Gandhi quotes will help you to learn more about the man who inspired millions around the world. P.S.: If you can't get enough of good quotes, these powerful life quotes may also be of interest to you Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement. Throughout his life in South Africa and India, Gandhi was a fearless campaigner for the rights and dignity of all people by nonviolent and peaceful means. Mahatma Gandhi's peaceful philosophy won over the hearts and minds of millions of [ Here are 10 quotes of Mahatma Gandhi that help inspire a healthy and fruitful living: Also Read - 10 Inspirational Quotes by Swami Vivekananda For a Life of Freedom And Tranquility 1. Happiness is.
Mahatma Gandhi Love Quotes and Sayings #1 An Autobiography or The Story of My Experiments with Truth, 1927. 1. Nothing is impossible for pure love. #2-3 Young India, 06 August 1925, Quoted in Lessons in Non-violent Civil Disobedience: From the life of M. K. Gandhi and his Legacy, Arun J. Mehta. 2 And Mahatma Gandhi know better About Self respect and Faith. That's why we remember them. So here we collect Mahatma Gandhi Quotes and Sayings about FAITH and SELF Respect. In the midst of death life persists.-. Mahatma Gandhi. Share: A courageous man prefers death to the surrender of self-respect.-. Mahatma Gandhi The main purpose of life is to live rightly, think rightly, act rightly. The soul must languish when we give all our thought to the body
Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. An eye for eye only ends up making the whole world blind. - Mahatma Gandhi. Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will. - Mahatma Gandhi. In a gentle way, you can shake the world. - Mahatma Gandhi. Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony ― Mahatma Gandhi. When the state of humanity has you down, this Gandhi quote is a stirring reminder not to throw the baby out with the bathwater. Not only that, it shows us that doing good in small capacities makes all the difference. Love Is Priceless Where there is love there is life. ― Mahatma Gandhi We've selected the best Mahatma Gandhi inspirational quotes for you to grasp this man thoughts and philosophy about life. Besides that, we've analyzed each quote and it's meaning with a brief explanation, for you to get inspired and use this quotes with the power you have to make a change in your life, and therefore, in this world
He led a life of truth, seeking the truth. Truth and honesty is a lesson that people should learn from Mahatma Gandhi's life. 3.Forgiveness. Forgiveness is a virtue and the very famous story of Mahatma Gandhi, showing his right cheek when someone slapped him on his left cheek, stands proof of how forgiving Gandhiji was Mahatma Gandhi Quotes images download. Mahatma Gandhi - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist, who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British Rule, and in turn inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes is a compilation of life and teachings that have inspired many liberationists. It is a quote compilation that showed the true value of simple living and high thinking that made India an independent country without using any nuclear weapon, army, or malice - influence to anyone who wants to build a better world Mar 20, 2020 - Gandhi was a champion for his people in an era when human rights weren't even a thought. Here are 20 inspirational quotes about life by this deep thinker
Home Quotes & Sayings Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Life. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Life (13 Quotes) Every moment of your life is infinitely creative and the universe is endlessly bountiful. Just put forth a clear enough request, and everything your heart desires must come to you 28 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes And Frases On Peace, Protest, and Civil Liberties Updated: June 13, 2021 / Home » Quotes [ Lesson for Life ] Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , better known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India
Mahatma Gandhi quotes about life, peace and other important topics. Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India, (2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948). He was a prominent Indian political leader, who campaigned for India independence from British rule, employing nonviolent resistance 13 Quotes from Gandhi to Socrates to Challenge Your Life Assumptions. So without further ado, here are thirteen quotes spanning over 2400 years that have made me rethink how I view life Mahatma Gandhi Quotes On Love, Peace, Faith, Nonviolence, and more. 1.In a gentle way, you can shake the world.. 2.Where there is love there is life.. 3.Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.. 4.You must be the change you wish to see in the world.. Save
Gandhi lived in South Africa for over 20 years. In India, Gandhi is often referred to as Bapu which means father. October 2, Gandhi's birthday, was declared the International Day of Nonviolence by the United Nations. Check out Powerful, Life-Changing Quotes. Gandhi Quotations On Love. An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole. ― Mahatma Gandhi The purpose of life is undoubtedly to know oneself. We cannot do it unless we learn to identify ourselves with all that lives. The sum-total of that life is God. ― Mahatma Gandhi The main purpose of life is to live rightly, think rightly, act rightly. The soul must languish when we give all our thought to the body
Gandhi Quotes On Life Gandhi Quotes On Life God sometimes does try to the uttermost those whom he wishes to bless. I consider myself a Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Jew, Buddhist, and Confucian. Though we may know Him by a thousand names, He is one and the same to us all Albert Einstein, All Quotes, Amit Ray, Eleanor Roosevelt, Success Quotes Albert Einstein , Amit Ray , EXCITEMENT OF WINNING , Great minds discuss ideas , Life Quote , Live as if you were to die tomorrow , Mahatma Gandhi Quote , Oscar Wilde , Risk , Risk Quotes , Robert Kiyosaki , small minds discuss people , Success , Success is about , Success. 78 Famous Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. 1. A 'No' uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a 'Yes' merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble.. - Mahatma Gandhi. 2. Be the change you want to see in the world.. - Mahatma Gandhi. The TOP 5 Success Lessons from Eminem. Report this Ad The name Gandhi is synonymous with peace and non-violence. His epic struggle to bring together the people of India in their search for sovereignty is unparalleled. This great man's wisdom and foresight are compelling. On this page, you will find ten of the most powerful Gandhi quotes. 01 Sponsored by Vegamour. 15 Gandhi Quotes To Help You Embrace A Life Of Peace. 1 of 20. Gandhi abandoned his father's deathbed to go have sex, leaving his father to die in his absence. In 1885, Gandhi's father, Karamchand, developed a fistula and grew gravely ill. One night soon after, according to a 2010 biography, Gandhi was sitting up with his.
Mahatma Gandhi: 365 Selected Quotes on Love, Life, and Truth [Neruda, Nico] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Mahatma Gandhi: 365 Selected Quotes on Love, Life, and Trut Gandhi Quotes for a Life Well-Lived. Sarah Frost. Email. Tweet. Known for peaceful protests, Mahatma Gandhi left a mark on this world. Sarah Frost shares her favorite Gandhi quotes, some of the best bits of his legacy. In high school I started writing important thoughts, quotes, feelings—all of it—on my bedroom mirror. I suppose that's. 460 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. Get our daily wisdom quotes Subscribe. It's easy to stand in the crowd but it takes courage to stand alone. Mahatma Gandhi. Service without humility is selfishness and egotism. Mahatma Gandhi. My life is my message. Mahatma Gandhi. Satisfaction lies in the effort, not in the attainment Mohandas Gandhi Quotes. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi ( महात्मा mahātmā — Great Soul), in India as Bapu (બાપુ bāpu—Father) and Jathi Pitha (father of the nation), was an advocate and pioneer of nonviolent social protest and direct action in the form he called Satyagraha In this post you will find 150+ Mahatma Gandhi Quotes On Love, Life & Education. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Love, Life & Education Full effort is full victory. Speak only if it improves upon the silence. Where there is love there is life. Be the change you are trying to create
Top Ten Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. Be the change that you wish to see in the world. ~ Mahatma Gandhi. Always aim at complete harmony of thought and word and deed. Always aim at purifying your thoughts and everything will be well. ~ Mahatma Gandhi. Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes. ~ Mahatma. These gandhi quotes hold the power to transform your life. You must be the change you wish to see in the world. All mahatma gandhi quotes | mahatma gandhi books. Mahatma gandhi — indian leader born on october 02, 1869, died on january 30, 1948. A man that changed a nation and changed the world with his compassion, vision, tolerance, and Sadhguru Quotes Spirituality Life Quotes Mahatma Gandhi . Packed with the trends news links you need to be smart informed and ahead of the curve. Gandhi quote life of pi. Or go to the Log in to start contributing to Wikiquote. Visit the help page or experiment in the sandbox to learn how you can edit nearly any page right now Mahatma Gandhi's words of wisdom, filled with heart continue to inspire countless millions across the globe and these are the most inspiring Mahatma Gandhi quotes of them all. Revered the world over as one of history's most transformative and inspirational figures, Gandhi was a fearless campaigner for the rights and dignity of all people
And is this Power benevolent or malevolent? I see it as purely benevolent. For I can see, that in the midst of death life persists, in the midst of untruth truth persists, in the midst of darkness light persists. Hence I gather that God is Life, Truth, Light. He is Love. He is the Supreme Good. - Mahatma Gandhi, Young India, 11-10-192 Gandhi's family practiced a kind of Vaishnavism, one of the major traditions within Hinduism, that was inflected through the morally rigorous tenets of Jainism—an Indian faith for which concepts like asceticism and nonviolence are important. Many of the beliefs that characterized Gandhi's spiritual outlook later in life may have originated in his upbringing Mahatma Gandhi Great Quotes with Images. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu and Gandhiji were one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence movement.Born 2 October 1869 in a Hindu Merchant caste family in Gujarat. He was the youngest of all children and had three older siblings, 2 brothers, and one sister
Mahatma Gandhi's famous quotes If we could change ourselves, the tendencies in the world would also change. As a man changes his own nature, so does the attitude of the world change towards him Please watch: Sundarban Bedtime Stories || 3 NON STOP Animal Stories for Kids || Episode 7, 8, 9 || Hindi 4K Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t9WS2Epb.. Thirdly, Gandhi speaks of the particiation of women in public life. He was the first leader in Indian politics to speak of women's public life. More than speaking about it, he brought it to reality and achieved great success in it
All of his good thoughts are summarized in Mahatma Gandhi Quotes in Hindi and on life. Also Read: Swami Vivekananda Quotes in Hindi for Every Generation. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes in Hindi for Every Generation. As an activist and philosopher create such quotes that encourage people. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes in Hindi on peace become one of the infamous. 20 Famous Mahatma Gandhi Quotes By MoralStories26.com On 03/03/2020 11/08/2020 In Quotes Tagged Inspirational Quotes , Life Changing Quotes , Motivational Quotes , Quotes about Human Nature , Quotes by Leader Leave a commen
By Mahatma Gandhi Quotes About Life. Free Daily Quotes. Subscribe Mahatma Gandhi — Indian Leader born on October 02, 1869, died on January 30, 1948 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and. The following Gandhi quotes can change your perspective as it has done with mine. Be the Change You Wish to See in the World. I was a freshman in college when I first came across this quote Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Bapu, Father of the Nation or simply Mahatma Gandhi was one among the greatest freedom fighters of India. His principles of following non-violence were something that made him unique. Here are few quotes by Mahatma Gandhi, in this article of Feeding Trends to inspire you in every life situation Here are 40 Mahatma Gandhi most famous quotes that will have a positive impact on your life: #1 The good man is the friend of all living things.. #2 Nobody can hurt me without my permission.. #3 An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.. #4 Keep your thoughts positive, because your thoughts become your words
Mahatma Gandhi lead the world through his non-violent approach, which lead to India successfully being made independent from British rule. This movement inspired other movements, and his quotes continue to inspire millions of people around the world Contents1 the words of gandhi2 quotes of mahatma gandhi3 quotes by mahatma gandhi4 mahatma gandhi quotes on education5 thoughts of mahatma gandhi6 top quotes of all time7 famous saying of eminent personalities8 gandhi quotes on education9 mahatma gandhi my inspiration essay10 gandhiji quotes in english11 mahatma gandhi quotes in english12 slogans of mahatma gandhi13 slogan [ Mahatma Gandhi (1975). Collected Works. Birth and death are not two different states, but they are different aspects of the same state. Mahatma Gandhi. Life, Death, Spiritual. Mahatma Gandhi (1947). Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Death is no fiend, he is the truest of friends. He delivers us from agony Best quotes from Gandhi about Satyagraha (force of soul) 11. The purpose of life is to live correctly, think correctly, and act correctly. The principle of Satyagraha is essential to understanding Gandhi's philosophy. This concept tells us that a person must live in harmony with himself, free from fear and prejudice, and always adhering to the ideal of truth as the purpose of life The Best Life Quotes. Go to table of contents. Not how long, but how well you have lived is the main thing. Seneca. My life is my message. Mahatma Gandhi Click to tweet. Don't gain the world and lose your soul, wisdom is better than silver or gold. Bob Marley. I love those who can smile in trouble. Leonardo da Vinc
Mahatma Gandhi's Quotes on Life 1. Mahatma Gandhi'squotes about humanlife TREDONE GROUP #5 2. Be the CHANGEthat you wish to see in the world. LIVEas if you were to DIEtomorrow. Learn as if you were to live FOREVER. An EYE FOR AN EYEwill only make the whole world BLIND. 3 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Life: A man is the sum of his actions, of what he has done, of what he can do, nothing else. A man of character will make himself worthy of any position he is given. A nation's culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of its people Remembering Gandhi: Top 10 quotes by the Mahatma September 27, 2019, 4:00 PM IST Team TOI in The Photo Blog , India , TOI Facebook Twitter Linkedin Emai
Mahatma Gandhiji quotes about life by SmsLootere - Last Updated: August 20, 2015 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who well known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 and died on 30 January 1948 in New Delhi at the age of 78 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as 'Bapu', was more than just a freedom fighter. His deep insights and knowledge on life and the various struggles remain an inspiration. On his 150th birth anniversary, here are some quotes that continue to inspire millions Discover and share Gandhi Quotes About Life. Explore our collection of motivational and famous quotes by authors you know and love - Mahatma Gandhi (Best Hinduism Quotes) India is the meeting place of the religions and among these Hinduism alone is by itself a vast and complex thing, not so much a religion as a great diversified and yet subtly unified mass of spiritual thought, realization and aspiration Gandhi's Talisman. I will give you a talisman. Whenever you are in doubt, or when the self becomes too much with you, apply the following test. Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man [woman] whom you may have seen, and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him [her]
95 Motivational Quotes By Mahatma Gandhi To Inspire You Forever! 14 Of Mother Teresa's Inspirational Quotes For A Better Life; 21 Famous Quotes By Sardar Patel, The Iron Man Of India, That Will Stir Up The Idealist In You. 9 Inspirational Quotes By Rajendra Prasad, The 1st President Of India, That Will Guide You On A Path Of Self-Righteousness Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869 to 1948), India's Father of the Nation, spearheaded the country's Freedom Movement for Independence from British Rule.He is known for his famous words of wisdom on God, life, and religion Mahatma Gandhi Top Quotes With HD Images. Do you want to change your life? Want to build your financial status, improve your heath or your relations. These are the killer quotations from Gandhi that will change your life The truth is that where there is love, there IS life. Love is the power of the Universe, and everything is alive through an inexplicable power that could be called, ultimately, love. This quote reminds me of the recent quote I posted by Krishnamurti about how loving a problem can make it as beautiful as a sunrise Nonetheless, one might take a moment to imagine life in one of Gandhi's often-vaunted 700,000 villages of India, beating heart of the traditional society, if the spinning wheel had indeed.
According to Mahatma: Life of Gandhi 1869-1948, Gandhi said this in response to a journalist's question about what his message to the world was. What is true of individuals is true of nations. 100 Mahatma Gandhi Peace Quotes As leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence, Mahatma Gandhi´s influence on world peace is immeasurable. Below are 100 select quotes by this remarkable man Mahatma Gandhi Gandhi Quotes on Peace. If we are to teach real peace in this world, and if we are to carry on a real war against war, we shall have to begin with the children. Where there is love there is life. Mahatma Gandhi. Whenever you are confronted with an opponent, conquer him with love. Mahatma Gandhi The only tyrant I accept in this world is the still voice within. - Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi. We must be the change we wish to see. - Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi. To believe in something, and not to live it, is dishonest. - Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi. Where there is love there is life. - Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi On his 151st birth anniversary, here's looking at few quotes by Mahatma Gandhi that spoke about kindness and compassion, which is also the need of the hour. - Gandhi Jayanti 2020: 15 Quotes From.
Gandhi's concept of following in his footsteps was less about his old profession and more about his outlook later in life. Indeed, Gandhi had denied education to his children because of his political opinions. Gandhi could have sent his children to exclusive schools that would have readily accepted them due to Gandhi's social standing Mahatma Gandhi Motivational Quotes in Hindi - 1 से 10. Be the change you want to see in the world. English: Be the change you want to see in the world. English: You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Karamchand was the name of his father. The honorific title Mahatma, or Great Soul, was given to him in 1914.; Gandhi is often called Bapu in India, a term of endearment that means father.; Gandhi fought for much more than independence Here are 10 great strategies and virtues we should learn from the great life of Mahatma Gandhi. All the quotes after headings are by Mahatma Gandhi: 1. Faith in self Throughout his life, Gandhi inspired millions of people with his messages of nonviolence, peace, and compassion. Thanks largely to his preeminent leadership capabilities, his home country of India was able to nonviolently gain independence from the British Raj in 1947 and he was adorned the nickname 'Bapu' or 'Father of the Nation.
Gandhi's life wasn't without controversy. Among other things, some critics have questioned his sexual practices, his attitude towards Africans and Jews, and his arguments against modern technology. 15 of the Greatest Pro-Life Quotes of All Time. Life is beautiful. Here's what some notable figures had to say about it! 1. I've noticed that everyone who is for abortion has already been born.. - Ronald Reagan. 2. A person is a person no matter how small.. - Dr. Seuss Mahatma Gandhi, edited by Shri Prabhu and Shri Rao is being published by the Navajivan Trust. The first two editions of the book were very popular and its translations had appeared in several languages. In the new edition, Gandhiji's thoughts in the last few years of his life have been incorporated. Thus the book has been brought up-to-date
The Beauty of Our Dreams | Famous Eleanor Roosevelt Quotes. 103 Mahatma Gandhi Quotes about Nonviolence, Truth and Love. Winston Churchill Quotes. Famous Theodore Roosevelt Quotes. Lao Tzu Quotes . Quotes about Society, People and Relationship Mahatma Gandhi. Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will. Mahatma Gandhi. The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong. Mahatma Gandhi. - More quotations on: [ Forgiveness] Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it First, Gandhi's insistence on autonomy and self-regulation is reflected in the ethos of informal education. Gandhi's conception of basic education was concerned with learning that was generated within everyday life which is the basis on which informal educators work If he had wanted, Gandhi could have lived a very comfortable life as a lawyer. Instead he devoted it to prayer, fasting and meditation. He wore basic clothes and lived off fruit, vegetables and milk. He gave up his personal comfort to bring well-being to millions of others. He was one of the greatest men of this planet. (1869-1948
Mahatma Gandhi quotes. Every moment of your life is infinitely creative and the universe is endlessly bountiful. Just put forth a clear enough request, and everything your heart desires must come to you.. Mahatma Gandhi quotes ( Indian Philosopher, internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest, 1869 - 1948 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was an Indian political and civil rights leader who played an important role in India's struggle for independence. This essay takes you through his life history, including his philosophy of Satyagraha, non-cooperation, assassination etc Gandhi and passions: - Love is the strongest force the world possesses, and yet it is the humblest imaginable. - There is enough of everything in the world to cater human needs, but not enough to satisfy his greed. Cite this article as: Tim, Gandhi Quotes: Buddhism and Politics, May 6, 2012, in Philosophy & Philosophers, May. Quotation #33237 from Classic Quotes: When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants, and murderers, and for a time they can seem invincible, but in the end they always fall. Think of it--always. Mahatma Gandhi. Indian political and spiritual leader (1869 - 1948