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Importance of vegetation in Nigeria

Vegetation Zones in Nigeria Ecolog

Importance of Vegetation The most precious vegetation in Nigerian forests are kaya and sapel, iroko and opepe, agba and obche. All of them produce ornamental and construction timber Importance of highlands in Nigeria The Saline Water swamp conditions along with the climate help to grow various types of mangrove vegetation. A good example of this type of vegetation is the type found in the East of Lagos

Major types of vegetation in Nigeria Legit

  1. Importance Of The Different Types Of Vegetation In Nigeria Forest trees such as Kaya, iroko, Obeche, Opepe are useful in construction and as ornamental pieces. Some of these vegetations such as the Sudan Savannah are very important to herders who rely on grass for the survival of their animals
  2. ed by the environmental conditions and climate of the area in question. Naturally, their characteristics spur as a response to the climate in the particular area
  3. Nigeria enjoys a diverse collection of medicinal plants, and joint research has ascertained the efficacy of these plants. Plants such as guava ( Psidium guajava ), ginger ( Zingiber officinale ), neem ( Azadirachta indica ), and moringa ( Moringa oleifera ) have been found to exhibit broad range of antimicrobial activities
  4. The Sahel savannah is the most sere vegetation in Nigeria, as the main characteristic of the zone is desert vegetation. The annual rainfall in this area is poor, and the wet season lasts 3 to 4 months, hence the vegetation of the sahel zone is rare which results to the present of extremely short grasses
  5. Vegetation in Nigeria and its importance. What are the vegetation zones of Nigeria? MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING VEGETATION BELTS Keep reading to learn more vegetation zones in Nigeria. Article by Kayoluokun. 124
  6. Nigeria is located in West Africa, sharing a border with Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. To the south, it borders the Gulf of Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria has a range of natural environments, from semi-deserts in the north to tropical rainforest in the south. Nigeria is almost 4 times the physical size of the UK
  7. s and

TYPES OF VEGETATION IN NIGERIA AND ZONES - Informatio

Nigeria is covered by three types of vegetation: forests (where there is significant tree cover), savannahs (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees), and montane land. (The latter is the least common, and is mainly found in the mountains near the Cameroon border. It is by far the most densely human-populated zone of Northern Nigeria. Thus, the vegetation has undergone severe destruction in the process of clearing land for the cultivation of important economic crops such as Cotton, Groundnut, Sorghum, Millet, Maize, and Wheat Nigeria - Nigeria - History: Evidence of human occupation in Nigeria dates back thousands of years. The oldest fossil remains found by archaeologists in the southwestern area of Iwo Eleru, near Akure, have been dated to about 9000 bce. There are isolated collections of ancient tools and artifacts of different periods of the Stone Age, but the oldest recognizable evidence of an organized. Nigeria - Nigeria - Nigeria as a colony: After the British government assumed direct control of the Royal Niger Company's territories, the northern areas were renamed the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, and the land in the Niger delta and along the lower reaches of the river was added to the Niger Coast Protectorate, which was renamed the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria

Aquatic plants play an important role in the life cycle of fish. Some plants, for example, Lemna pausicostata are eaten directly (Mbagwu & Adeniji, 1988) while other fish species feed on periphytic algae growing on the surfaces of aquatic plants. Aquatic vegetation also provides breeding substrate for a large number of insects and other. History of Nigeria . Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. as shown in archaeological records. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century Importance Of Geography In Nigeria. Geography is the study of people, their environments, and their resources. Geography affects our lives and a country's history. A country it affects is Nigeria, its geographic features have different effects on the country as a whole. The five themes of geography are location, place, human-environment.

This study investigates tree species richness, diversity, and vegetation index for Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. 2. Methodology. 2.1. Location of Study Area. The study was conducted in Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria. The city lies between latitude and 9°03′ and 9°07′N and longitude 7°26′ and 7°39. The study was conducted to assess the species composition and diversity of Anantigha Mangrove Swamp Forest in southern Nigeria. Systematic line transect technique was adopted for the study. From the total mangrove area of 47.5312 ha, four rectangular plots of 10 by 1000m representing sampling intensity of 8.42 percent were demarcated. Total identification and inventory was conducted and data. Despite the success of antibiotic discovery, infectious diseases remain the second leading source of death worldwide, while the resistance to antibiotics is among the significant problems in the twenty-first century. Medicinal plants are very rich in phytochemicals which can be structurally optimized and processed into new drugs. Nigeria enjoys a diverse collection of medicinal plants, and. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Nigeria, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Nigeria on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. B This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale. Top This article has been rated as Top-importance on the project.

Major types of vegetation in Nigeria and their

Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands - Nigeria Table 1. Summary of Important Bird Areas in Nigeria. 27 IBAs covering at least c.31,118 km² (the areas of three sites are undefined) Criteria (see p. 11; for A2/A3 codes, see Tables 2/3) IBA A1 A2 A3 A4i A4ii A4iii code Site name Administrative region 085 086s041 s042 A03 A04. Nigeria Geography Superlatives. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The largest city of Nigeria is called Lagos. About 22 million people live in and around Lagos. Nigeria's largest city is Lagos. Nigeria is the seventh most populated country in the world. The highest point in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi at the border to Cameroon Nigeria. Fig. 1: 1979 Vegetation Map of Nigeria. 3. Remote Sensing and Vegetation Mapping Different methods are used for collecting land use and land cover information which can be used for vegetation mapping depending on the degree of detail required for the specific project (Leak and Venugopal, 1990). Traditionally, data used in vegetation Department Of Microbiology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Abstract- The mangrove swamp forest of Sobekiri I, II and III area of Rivers state Nigeria, was investigated to determine the phytodiversity, flora density, bundance, and importance of some useful plants including endangered species. three 250 x 4

There are a variety of different species of plants that are native to the West African nation of Nigeria, a country which is situated along the Gulf of Guinea.Most of the country is tropical and receives a lot of rainfall, but the very northeast part of the country located in the Sahel Savannah is extremely dry Nigeria, a rapidly developing NEE in Africa, is a country where this is happening. The Location And Importance of Nigeria Nigeria is a former colony of the UK that is in Sub-Saharan West Africa, bordering Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. It is growing rapidly as a country both economically an importance. Meaning, centres, reasons (leisure, recreation, education etc ); importance, problems and solutions. ASPECTS OF REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY PECULIAR TO MEMBER COUNTRIES CONTENTS NOTES REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY OF NIGERIA (a) Nigeria on broad outline (b) Physical setting (c) Population (d) Resources (e) Agricultur Nigeria is the most populous and economically important country in Africa. In recent years economic growth, based largely on oil, has transformed the country from an LIC to an NEE. Learning Activity: Study the table below which gives facts outlining Nigerias global and regional importance

We have also developed standards of four plants so far in the entire continent but we are taking it one step further by now having Nigeria as a country propose ten plants, which have been accepted. Vegetation. 09:39 - by geographic 4. In Nigeria there are two broad types of vegetation. Forest and savanna. The difference in vegetation from place to place is caused by climate, soil, topography and man. Forest: The original forest cover the southern parts of the country where the mean annual rainfall is about 1150mm. however, the original. Economic Importance of Plants Plants are extremely important in the lives of people throughout the world. People depend upon plants to satisfy such basic human needs as food, clothing, shelter, and health care. These needs are growing rapidly because of a growing world population, increasing incomes, and urbanization . Source for information on Economic Importance of Plants: Plant Sciences.

Antimicrobial Importance of Medicinal Plants in Nigeri

  1. The importance of hydropower plants in Nigeria's energy planning O.A. Fasipe, V.O. Eniola I.P. Fasipe Energy Commission of Nigeria National Centre for Energy and Environmen
  2. In a nutshell, the unit treats the nature, scope and process of the traditional education in Nigeria and how it was and is still being used to serve the purpose for which its adherents use it. OBJECTIVES. At the end of this unit, you should be able to: 1. Explain the nature and scope of traditional education system in Nigeria
  3. It is characterised by abundant short grasses of 1.5-2m and few stunted trees hardly above 15m.It is by far the most densely human populated zone of northern Nigeria. Thus, the vegetation has undergone severe destruction in the process of clearing land for the cultivation of important economic crops such as cotton, millet, maize and wheat
  4. This resource explains Nigeria, using maps, illustrations and notes. The resource explains location, position, size, political division etc. It shows highlands and lowlands, it explains vegetation belts, rivers and importance of its rivers.The resource gives a brief history of Nigeria, and explains the tribes/ ethnic groups in Nigeria
  5. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. Vegetation serves.
  6. 4. Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee. This primate is a subspecies of the common chimpanzee and, as the name indicates, lives in Cameroon and Nigeria. On average, the animals can weigh around 154 pounds, have a length of about 3.9 feet, and a height is about 5.2 feet. The males are heavier than the females

Vegetation Zones in Nigeria And Their Characteristics

1. It is the most populous country in Africa. Almost 200 million people live here, which makes Nigeria one of the most populous countries in the world. By 2019, it is ranked as the 7th most populated country in the world. The majority of the people are either Muslims or Christians with 50% and 40% of the total population The Niger is an important river in Africa because it is the principal river in Western Africa and provides an invaluable water source in the Sahara Desert. It's two fertile deltas provide critical water sources and wetlands to an otherwise very dry region. The Niger starts in eastern Guinea and travels Northeast, away from the coast, into. Broadly speaking, Nigeria's physical geography changes from lowlands in the south to hills and higher plateau areas in central Nigeria, with plains to the north and mountains in the southeast. importance of studying geography Facilitates good relationship among nations by studying geography of other regions of the world. it's a career subject in that it enables one to go for advanced studies in specialized fields e.g. geography teachers, meteorology, surveying etc Hydrophytic vegetation indicators for wetland delineation in a rapidly expanding coastal mega city, Lagos, Nigeria. African Journal of Bioscience . 2008;1(1):95‒102. Akani GC, Politano E, Luiselli L. Amphibians recorded in forest swamp areas of the River Niger Delta (southeastern Nigeria), and the effects of habitat alteration from oil.

Vegetation in Nigeria and its importance - pinterest

plants that used in Nigeria. A compiled check list of these plants including their Latin names, families, parts used, medicinal uses, and name in different Nigerian states is the main purpose of this study. All available information about either the traditional medicinal plants or ethnobotanical surveys in Nigeria was consulted Nigeria has a federal presidential republic government. 7. Nigerians must be at least 18 years old to vote. 8. Lagos is the most populous city in Nigeria. 9. Football, or soccer in the United States, is one of the country's most popular sports. Its national team has won the Africa Cup of Nations a total of three times. 10 Here are 10 interesting facts about Nigeria: 1. Nigeria is the seventh-most populous country in the world, home to more than 200 million people. While that may be a lot of people, population.

Nigeria also abounds in bird life with a great number of species being represented. As of 2002, there were at least 274 species of mammals, 286 species of birds, and over 4,700 species of plants throughout the country. ENVIRONMENT. Many of Nigeria's environmental problems are those typical of developing states Nigeria culture or culture of Nigeria is simply the way of life of the people of Nigeria. Culture generally (in my own simple definition) is the way an individual or group of people chose to do their own thing; it is often handed down from generation to generation. At some point, it could be somehow amended and could possibly wear out

What is Nigeria's location and importance? - Internet

Vegetation: Definition,Types and Importance/ Uses of

Geography The country of Nigeria is located in the western Africa and shares borders with Benin in the west, Niger in the north and Chad and Cameroon in the east. It also carries a free passage for the Niger River to flow, which starts in Niger and flows south through the western part of Nigeria show more conten Our Fair Use Policy. Importance Of Plants Essay Writing. Writing is a complex skill for every student. Actually, they need it to be in order to successfully go through college. Not only students are intimate to the writing skills a lot of people are also eager Importance Of Plants Essay Writing to write a good article The IMPORTANCE of Lagos. Lagos state covers only 0.4% of the Nigeria's land yet is highly important to the country. Lagos; 1. Had a GDP of over $136 billion in 2017. 2. Accounts for over 60 percent of industrial and commercial ventures of Nigeria. 3 Top Sights in Nigeria, Africa. Nigeria Landmarks. Enter dates. Filters • 1. Attractions. Traveler favorites. Traveler favorites. Things to do ranked using Tripadvisor data including reviews, ratings, photos, and popularity. Traveler ranking. Highest rated attractions on Tripadvisor, based on traveler reviews. Category types By Peter Egwuatu. The management of Dangote Cement Plc has clarified that the price of a bag of cement from its factories and plants across Nigeria (as at 12th April, 2021) is N2,450 in Obajana.

Nigeria's urban areas have grown steadily since independence from colonial rule was achieved in 1960. Southern Nigeria is the country's most economically developed region. Central Nigeria is the least inhabited part of the country but has been gaining importance since the new capital of Abuja was built there in the late 20th century. In. Climate Smart Nigeria. June 30, 2019 ·. In the age of enormous climate change impacts and the strive towards sustainability, issues such as Air Pollution become important. Climate Smart Nigeria is collaborating with Glow Initiative for Economic Empowerment to launch the AIR POLLUTION AWARENESS CAMPAIGN (APAC) supported by Access Bank Understanding the influence of vegetation and human activities on climate of Africa. Identifying Different National Parks In Africa And Importance Of National Parks in Africa. 0 out of 5. UGX 800. 72. Identifying and locating national parks in Africa. Nigeria (+250) Rwanda (+27) South Africa (+211) South Sudan (+46) Sweden (+41. Important Food Plants . for Lowland Nigeria . 1 Important Food Plants for Lowland Nigeria. Bruce R French . Local food plants with high nutritional value for sustainable food security. This publication has been produced for a Learn Grow™ project in Nigeria. It is available as a pdf book on the Learn

Nigeria's agriculture remains the most important sector to its economy. Exports of goods earns Nigeria valuable foreign exchange. Also, has a great contribution to the country's national income and source of food. 70℅ of Nigeria's population works in the agricultural field, but only a small profit goes to the economy Introduction and Importance of Medicinal Plants and Herbs. Introduction. The term medicinal plant include various types of plants used in herbalism (herbology or herbal medicine).It is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of such uses Sorghum is the principal foodcrop grown in Northern Nigeria. A survey of local varieties grown during the rains was carried out in 1958 and the 821 samples collected were assigned to seven morphologically distinct races, of which four are important geography Geography GCSE AQA 'Another important point is ' or 'Of more importance is '. Make sure your conclusion also links back to the 60% of the population of the NEE of Nigeria live in poverty. This is a major issue facing the country as it tries to develop and the situation is made worse by other issues. Politically th The current published reference to South Africa's vegetation is the the book 'The Vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Strelitzia 19' by Mucina & Rutherford published in 2006 and information updated online. In 2006 there were 435 vegetation types described in South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, with 5 units mapped for the Prince.

West Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria Ojeifo O. Magnus* and Ehisuoria Solomon E. Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria. Accepted 25 July, 2014 This study examined the adequacy of geography teaching aids in public secondary schools in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria For example, micronutrients such as zinc are important to human nutrition, especially children. Fertilizers provide the major nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium and important secondary elements) that plants need. Nutrient requirements change between crops, location, and even during the crop's growth cycle The investigation reveals that today, its importance is growing wane as a result of westernization and civilization. Key words: orile-keesi, cowrie shells, egba, cypraea annulus, cypraea moneta, yoruba 1.0 Introduction The Yoruba 1 are found in the southwestern part of Nigeria even though they can be found in other parts of Nigeria A Review of Aromatic Herbal Plants of Medicinal Importance from Nigeria Show all authors. Isiaka A. Ogunwande. Isiaka A. Ogunwande . Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Badagry Expressway Ojo, P. M. B. 1087, Apapa, Lagos, Nigeria See all articles by this author

Some Nigerian plants of dermatologic importanc

Gender, like geography and poverty, is an important factor in the pattern of educational marginalization. States in the north-east and north-west have female primary net attendance rates of 47.7 percent and 47.3 percent, respectively, meaning that more than half of the girls are not in school The physical geography of Nigeria is diverse. Some of the land forms found in the country include river deltas, plateaus, coastal plains, hills and mountains. The country features natural land forms such as the Niger River Delta, the Obudu Plateau in the Sankwala Mountains and the Zuma Rock, a 725-meter monolith just north of the country's capital The State of Medicinal Plants Research in Nigeria, pp. 129 - 133. Bukar, T.A. & Gubio, A.K., 1985 The decline in commercially important species of fish and predominance of Clarias lazera in Lake Chad Nigeria is a leader in West Africa and because of its population and oil reserves has the potential to be a leader in Africa and worldwide. Nigeria attracts many important investors, because of its large market, abundant resources (they include mineral, agricultural and human resources) and political stability.:: Background of Nigeria :

Importance of Agriculture in Nigeria Economic Development

The diagram includes an Alternative Gas Recovery Section for the purpose of recovering some of the gas to be flared for use; this may not be sufficient to contain all inlet gas, or may not be present. In this diagram, the inlet gas to be flared continues to a flashback seal drum, which has two important mechanical characteristics What is the importance of Irrigation? 1. Irrigation maintains moisture in the soil. Moisture is necessary for the germination of seeds. Seeds do not grow in dry soil. That is why irrigation is done before tilling. 2. Irrigation is essential for the growth of the roots of the crop plants. Roots of the plants do not grow well in dry soil When exploring Lagos' importance in Nigeria's national economy, sixty percent of Nigeria's oil industry occurs in Lagos. (Adelekan 2006, 6).With regards to the shipping industry, 80 percent of Nigeria's imports and 70 percent of exports pass through Lagos ports (City Data 2009) Its importance could be felt directly and indirectly among rural and urban residents in Nigeria. In Nigeria, fisheries, particularly an important subsector, contributes about 3.00-5.00% to the agriculture share of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Fish are an important protein source in the diet of Nigerians

An Introduction to Nigeria's Igbo People. The Ibo or Igbo people are found in southeastern Nigeria and have many interesting customs and traditions. With a population of around 40 million throughout Nigeria, they are one of the biggest and most influential tribes. Igbos are well-known for their entrepreneurial endeavours, both within Nigeria. Vegetation Found in Desert. Limited types of plants are found in desert due to the lack of favorable conditions and resources. It comprises plants that have modified or undergone adaptations in order to survive in the desert. These plants are known as xerophytes. The following are the vegetation adaptations found in deserts all over the world Nigeria - Geography. Nigeria is located at the eastern terminus of the bulge of West Africa. As with many of the other nations of Africa, Nigeria's national boundaries result from its colonial. 100 Interesting Brief Facts about Nigeria. Nigeria is officially called the Federal Republic of Nigeria; Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the world with over 170 million people; The country is also the 7 th most populous nation in the world. There are 521 languages in the worl The concentration levels (ppm) of selected toxic trace metals (Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb and Zn) and macronutrients (Na, K, Mg and Ca), along with P, were estimated in some of the important herbal plants of the southwest part of Nigeria. The atomic absorption spectrophotometer was employed for the estimation conducted on 10 plant species collected from.

Yam constitutes one of the most important crops in this region. Based on the FAO's report, Nigeria remains the leading yam-producing country in the world, and produces approximately 45 million tons, as of 2014 . All ethnic groups in southeastern Nigeria share a common perception of yam as a religious, social, and cultural crop Geography, Climate, and Biodiversity of Nicaragua Nicaragua is a large country located in Central America between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Its terrain is mostly coastal plains that eventually rise up to interior mountains By Peter Egwuatu. The management of Dangote Cement Plc has clarified that the price of a bag of cement from its factories and plants across Nigeria (as at 12th April, 2021) is N2,450 in Obajana.

Vegetation dynamics in relation with climate over Nigeria

Geography . Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. Swamps and mangrove forests border the. Nigeria. Nigeria is in the east of Africa with a coast onto the Atlantic Ocean. It is north of the equator. It is a varied country and has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons in different parts of the country. It is hot and wet most of they year in the south, but inland there is a long, dry season From the spiritual shines to the ancient cities of the north, from the river deltas to the Yoruba kingdoms, the Ibo's stunning environments and among many simply pure sceneries; Nigeria leaves every visitor breathing hard with suspense and excitement. We present to you 30 top attractions in Nigeria: 1. The Ibeno Beach. Photo Source. It combines natural sciences (physical geography) and social sciences (human geography) in a way no other field of science does. Some of the top educational institutes in the world understand the importance of geography and offer a variety of courses. Here are a few reasons why studying geography is significant today (World Geography - Nigeria: History) While dates differ in research, around 100 AD, the southern region of Nigeria was populated with the Ife, Oyo, and Benin tribes. The Edo people formed the Benin tribes and the Yoruba people formed Ife and Oyo tribes. These tribes are important indigenous ethnic groups in the south part of Nigeria

THE IMPORTANCE OF FORESTS IN OUR ENVIRONMENT Belvyna

Importance of agriculture is a vital part of agricultural science that is important for human existence; and at the same time, all aspect of it help in the economy sustenance of a country. In this article, I have used Nigeria as the case study; but, the article can be related to every single country that value agriculture and its benefits Nigeria lies in West Africa. It borders Benin, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon. The Gulf of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic Ocean, lies to the south. Nigeria has plains in the north and south. In the center there are hills and plateaus, or high, flat lands. Nigeria has two major rivers, the Niger and the Benue

Multiple Trajectories of Islam in Africa Islam had already spread into northern Africa by the mid-seventh century A.D., only a few decades after the prophet Muhammad moved with his followers from Mecca to Medina on the neighboring Arabian Peninsula (622 A.D./1 A.H.). The Arab conquest of Spain and the push of Arab armies as far as the Indus River culminated in an empire that stretched over. Medicinal plants are also important materials for the cosmetic industries. The use of herbal drugs dwindled toward the end of the 19th century due to the advent of synthetic chemistry. However, there was a resurgence of interest in plant medicines in more recent years, as synthetic drugs became less effective due to high levels of resistance. You will find scattered about the forest, shrines, and effigies of different deities. In addition to that, the forest contains about 400 different species of plants that are used for medicinal purposes. 14. New Afrika Shrine Lagos State. You can't mention the names of tourist attractions in Nigeria without mentioning the New Afrika Shrine Geography has a huge impact on infrastructural development. Studies have shown that geography education has a direct effect on infrastructural development especially in developing countries such as Nigeria. Education is an important variable in augmenting productivity of the existing and potential labour force of an economy, a catalytic agent. GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION PROJECT TOPIC , GEOGRAPHY EDUCATIONPROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS AN ASSESSMENT OF METHODS OF TEACHING GEOGRAPHY COURSES TO GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION STUDENTS IN SELECTED NIGERIAN INSTITUTIONS , b.ed project pdf , b.ed project topics in social science , development of geography in nigeria pdf , discuss the development of geography. The Importance Of Traditional Medicine In Nigeria. Nigeria is the most crowded nation in Africa, it is in the west coast of Africa. It has about 120 million people living there, is the largest group of Africans Ireland. Nigeria is a federal republic country and has 37 states, which practice strict Muslim laws in 12 of the states