Home

Prevalence of malnutrition PDF

1 Evidence profile: malnutrition ICOPE guidelines - World Health Organization Background Undernutrition is common among older people over 60 years of age. The prevalence of undernutrition in older people living in the community ranges between 1.3% and 47.8% (1-5). The reported prevalence is much higher in studies from low- and middle-incom Prevalence of acute malnutrition may increase substantially with high levels of severe acute malnutrition and excess child mortality. For instance, global acute malnutrition (GAM) rose to around 40% in Southern Somalia during the famine in 2011, where an estimated 258,000 deaths occurred, over half of which were children (Checchi and Robinson. malnutrition prevalence, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m2) remains high(10% to 40%) among reproductive age women in most low- and middle-income countries of Sub-Saharan Africa and South Central and South Eastern Asia[1]. Maternal under nutrition is an international. to assess malnutrition in a population underestimate the prevalence of malnutrition compared with CIAF [14, 15]. Estimated CIAF of African countries based on 2008 dat

Sous-alimentation et malnutrition à l&#39;échelle mondiale

1 FACTORS AFFECTING PREVALENCE OF MALNUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN UNDER THREE YEARS OF AGE IN BOTSWANA Salah E.O. Mahgoub*1, Maria Nnyepi2, Theodore Bandeke3 *Corresponding Author 1Department of Home Economics, University of Botswana, Private Bag 0022, Gaborone, Botswana, Telephone (267) 3552201, Fax (267) 318509 Barker LA et al. Hospital malnutrition: Prevalence, identification, and impact on patients and the healthcare system. Int J of Environ Res and Public Health. 2011;8:514-527

Malnutrition among Women: Indicators to Estimate Prevalenc

  1. e the prevalence of malnutrition among women, it is necessary to estimate the number of women whose nutritional status is unsatisfactory. This is usually done by counting the number of women who fall below some agreed-upon cut-off point (a reference value) of an indicator of nutritional status
  2. Prevalence of wasting among children under 5 years (0-59 months) 3% 3% Prevalence of low birth weight (less than 2.5 kg) (of children whose birth weights are known) 10% 10% : Prevalence of anemia among children 6-59 months 56% 37% Prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) 28% 27
  3. Malnutrition is a widespread problem, affecting the global population at some life stage. This public health epidemic targets everyone, but the most vulnerable groups are poverty-stricken people, young children, adolescents, older people, those who are with illness and have a compromised immune system, as well as lactating and pregnant women. Malnutrition includes both undernutrition (wasting.

• Malnutrition makes the immune system less resistant to common diseases and contributes to about 130 child deaths of children every day in Tanzania. • Investing in nutrition has huge economic returns. 2014 PROFILES data for Tanzania estimated that by 2025, reducing the prevalence of iodine deficiency woul Abstract Introduction Malnutrition is the most common nutritional disorder in developing countries and it remains one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children worldwide. Aim To identify the prevalence of malnutrition (underweight, stunting and wasting) among children under 5 years old living in Khartoum state, Sudan

Prevalence of malnutrition : Stunting prevalence of 14.2% for severe stunting and 27.4% for moderate stunting indicates that these children were subjected to long term chronic malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight was 11.3% for severe underweight and 24.3% for moderate underweight which is a composite index for both wasting and stunting.. Prevalence of stunting and acute malnutrition (wasting or low weight-for-height) have decreased over the past decade but remain high, with 38 percent of children under 5 years stunted and 10 percent wasted. Twenty-two percent o Malnutrition among under-5 year children is a common public health problem and it is one of the main reasons for the death of children in developing countries [].As of the World Health Organization report, about 35% of under-five children's death is associated with malnutrition in the world [].There are 165 million stunted, 99 million under-weighted, and 51 million wasted children globally [] Background . Malnutrition among children remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. In Ethiopia, malnutrition is one of the most serious public health problem and the biggest in the world. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among under-five children in pastoral communities of Afar Regional state, Northeast.

Global Prevalence of Malnutrition: Evidence from

Malnutrition among children below 5 years is a recognized problem worldwide and more so in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at finding the prevalence and risk factors of malnutrition among children of ages 6 to 59 months in Manyovu, Buhigwe District Kigoma, Tanzania. Knowledge of the prevalence of malnutrition and their risk factors in the community will serve the purpose of designing and. Prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age in the Region, acute malnutrition is a persistent and direct contributor to high mortality rates. Anaemia in women of reproductive age undermines their health and productivity, in addition to increasing the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes, maternal mortality, and sub-optimal.

[PDF] Prevalence of malnutrition among children under five

  1. called Gumbrit, the overall prevalence of malnutrition in the community was high with 28.5% of the children being underweight, 24% stunted and 17.7% wasted .Similarly, study done at Beta-Israel community revealed that, the prevalence of stunting, Underweight and wasting were 37.2%, 14.6%, and 4.5%, respectively. Moreover, sever
  2. Background . Child malnutrition continues to be the leading public health problem in developing countries. In Ethiopia, malnutrition is a leading cause of child illness and death. Recently the composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) has been implemented to measure the prevalence of malnutrition. This index presents a more complete picture compared with the previous conventional indices
  3. The prevalence is especially high in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, and pregnant women an Prevalence of micronutrient malnutrition worldwide Nutr Rev. 2002 May;60(5 Pt 2):S46-52. doi: 10.1301/00296640260130731. Author Usha Ramakrishnan 1 Affiliation.
  4. The prevalence of wasting was 21.1% (12.3% moderate and 8.8% severe) and the prevalence of stunting was 24.9% (15.1% moderate and 9.7% severe). The World Health Organization standard showed that the prevalence of global malnutrition, moderate malnutrition and severe malnutrition was 12.8%, 8.0% and 13.6%, respectively
  5. ants for malnutrition in geriatric outpatients Marian A.E. van Bokhorst-de van der Schuerena,*, Sabine Lonterman-Monaschb,d, Oscar J. de Vriesc,e, Sven A. Dannerc,e, Mark H.H. Kramerc,e, Majon Mullerc,e aDepartment of Nutrition and Dietetics, Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherland
  6. While the 2021 edition of the UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Group Joint Malnutrition Estimates shows that stunting prevalence has been declining since the year 2000, more than one in five - 149.2 million children under 5 -were stunted in 2020*, and 45.4 million suffered from wasting

malnutrition Strategies to tackle stunting, obesity, and micronutrient deficiencies must take into account the inequities in which these diseases are rooted, argue Rafael Perez-Escamilla and colleagues Key messages • Aseature a f of the double burden of malnutrition (DBM), child undernutri Low-and middle income countries (LMIC) are experiencing a double-burden of malnutrition with an upsurge in overweight and obesity developing alongside persistently high levels of stunting [].Globally, a three-fold increase in the prevalence of obesity has been observed since 1975, while in Africa, there has been a 50% increase in overweight in children under 5 years of age []

Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among

Prevalence of Malnutrition (Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight) The current study revealed that the overall prevalence of malnutrition among under-5 children was found to be 15.8%, and the corresponding figures of stunting, wasting, and underweight were 41%, 33%, and 26% respectively Why: The major contributing factors to the acute malnutrition situation include: (1) High prevalence of communicable diseases (with 2 in 5 children suffering from diarrhoea in the north and 1 in 4 children affected by diarrhoea in the south, while about 60% o The prevalence of malnutrition among infants with CP +/-L in this study was found to be 68%. Female infants Table 1 Caretaker and Infant baseline characteristics Variable n (%), N=44 Caretaker Characteristics Median age in years [IQR] 25.5 [21.5-32.0] Age categories of caregiver in year Background: Globally, malnutrition accounts for at least half of all childhood deaths. Managing malnutrition in the community settings involves identifying malnutrition using a universally validated screening tool and implementing appropriate interventions according to the degree of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence Malnutrition can be diagnosed by an Accredited Practising Dietitian or a doctor. Diagnosis is based on the definition set out by the WHO, known as ICD-10, and will generally be classified as mild, moderate or severe (3). What is the prevalence of malnutrition? Measuring malnutrition at a population level is difficult

Prevalence of Malnutrition Risk and the Impact of Nutrition Risk on Hospital Outcomes: Results From nutritionDay in the U.S. JPEN. 2019. | 8. Barrett ML BM, Owens PL. Non-maternal and Non-neonatal inpatient stays in the United States involving malnutrition, 2016. August 30, 2018 ed: U.S Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2018 Malnutrition, death & disability Quantity and quality of actual RESOURCES human, economic & organisational and the way they are controlled Potential resources: environment, technology, people Inadequate maternal & child CARE practices Insufficient access to FOOD Underlying causes of malnutrition Production, processing and marketing of.

The prevalence of malnutrition in children increases sharply between birth and two years of age (see below diagram). Therefore the most critical period for actions to prevent malnutrition is during the first two years of a child's life (UNICEF, 2008). Actually, the most critica Globally, about 80 per cent of children live in countries where the malnutrition prevalence data are less than five years old, while less than 5 per cent of children live in countries with no data at all 35 PREPARATORY UNIT 2 Nutrition Education in Primary Schools • Vol. 2: The Activities Preparatory Unit 2 • Malnutrition and its causes 5. Guessing causes - A proper diagnosis is a job for professionals; the best you can do is make a good guess. Look again at Table 8, Conditions of malnutrition and their effects on learning (Reader, Preparatory Unit 2, p.48) or in the Poster Material, an

Cancer Malnutrition Point Prevalence Study 2018 summary report Page 5 Research question To determine the prevalence of malnutrition within the cancer population in acute Victorian health services and to identify areas requiring improvement, with the long-term goal of reducing cancer malnutrition prevalence and burden in Victorian cancer services Prevalence and Characteristics Estimating the prevalence of malnutrition is challenging. Why? A significant contributing factor is that for nearly four decades, researchers have used different criteria to define malnutrition. Despite measurement challenges, it is estimated that malnutrition impacts a Download this complete Project material titled; Prevalence Of Malnutrition Among Children Under Five with abstract, chapter 1-5, references and questionnaire.Preview Abstract or chapter one below. Format: PDF and MS Word (DOC) pages = 65 ₦ 3,00 Subject: Malnutrition in Older Adults This memorandum responds to your request for information on malnutrition in older adults, specifically (1) an overview of the problem (e.g., prevalence, impact on health care outcomes, patient function), ) (

Malnutrition Is a Critical Public Health and Patient Safety Issue Malnutrition is Highest in Older Adults5 Protein-Calorie Malnutrition Related Hospital Stays per 100,000 Population Aged 85+ 3,754 1,487 437 107 Aged 65-84 Aged 40-64 Aged 18-39 1 in 2 $51.3 B 3x more likely 2x longer Disease-associated malnutrition in older adults is estimated. The prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized patients ranges from 10 to 60%, depending on the definition used and the way of assessment [2,3]. The adverse impact of malnutrition on the patient's outcome is well established; malnutrition is an independent risk factor for late recovery, mortality { DOWNLOAD AS PDF } ABOUT AUTHORS: Srividya V.L, Ashok Kumar Malpani, A.Manjunath Department of Pharmacy Practice, NET Pharmacy College, Navodaya Medical Hospital & Research Centre, Raichur, Karnataka drsrividyapharmacy@gmail.com ABSTRACT The objective of the present study is to evaluate the level of malnutrition and the impact of households on the nutritional status of school children in a. The main finding of this study is the prevalence of 12.0% malnutrition in elderly people residing in Razavi Khorasan province. From the total number of subjects studied, 42.7% were well nourished and 45.3% were at risk of malnutrition. The prevalence of malnutrition ranges from 5-10% in free-living elderly to 30-85% i

Video: Prevalence of Malnutrition and Associated Factors among

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Malnutrition among Children

Prevalence of malnutrition in coronavirus disease 19: the NUTRICOV study Antoine Rouget 1, Fanny Vardon-Bounes,2*, Pierre Lorber , Adrien Vavasseur3, Olivier Marion4, Bertrand Marcheix5, Olivier Lairez2,6, Laurent Balardy7, Olivier Fourcade1, Jean-Marie Conil1 and Vincent Minville1,2 1Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Unit, CHU Toulouse Rangueil, 1 av du Pr Jean Poulhès, 31400. The DBM and its prevalence: country and household epidemiology In this paper and the subsequent papers in this Series we use the word malnutrition to refer to both wasting, stunting, and thinness, and overweight and obesity. Although micronutrient malnutrition is recognised as a component of undernutrition, we have not been able t moderate malnutrition [5]. National data, according to the 2005 Demographic and Health Survey, show that stunting (chronic malnutrition) and underweight (chronic and acute malnutrition) in children less than five years of age were 47% and 38%, respectively [6]. Nutritional status during childhood has consequences until adulthood Bangkok, 29 November 2018 - The world's most comprehensive report on nutrition highlights the worrying prevalence and universality of malnutrition in all its forms.In its fifth edition, the Global Nutrition Report provides a concrete overview of progress made and highlights solutions from around the globe calling on all stakeholders to act now to address malnutrition The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among children under-five seen at Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) and three rural health facilities ranging between 25 and 55 km from Bagamoyo: Kiwangwa, Fukayosi, and Yombo

Prevalence of micronutrient malnutrition worldwid

and prevalence of malnutrition in children of 3-6 years of age. • To assess various aspects of feeding of child with prevalence of malnutrition in children of 3-6 years of age. Method : Community based cross sectional study was conducted from August 2017 to August 2018. Present study was carried out on 3-6 years old. prevalence of chronic malnutrition is much higher than in other middle-income countries in the region, such as Kenya. With sustained effort and investment in nutrition, Zambia could be free of malnutrition in the future. What would be the benefits of improved nutrition for Zambia as Malnutrition can be defined as a state of nutrition where the weight for age, height for age and weight for height indices are below -2 Z-score of the NCHS reference. It has posed a great economic burden to the developing world. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of malnutrition among pre-school children in abakiliki in Ebonyi state of Nigeria

Prevalence of malnutrition among children under five years

  1. e response and to identify target groups and geographical areas at risk [4,16]. It reflects recent change
  2. aemia <30 g/l and/or Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 ≥ 5), pectoralis muscle index on chest CT scan and the association between malnutrition and outcome (need for ICU admission, hospital and ICU.
  3. • Collect data about malnutrition risk screening activities, including whether risk assessment is leading to appropriate action (1.8, 1.11, 5.1b, 5.2) • Identify gaps in systems for screening patients for malnutrition, collect data on incidence, prevalence and severity of malnutrition (5.2) • Provide timely feedback and outcomes data to.
  4. The prevalence of acute malnutrition (wasting) in Uganda among children 6 to 59 months of age is 4% and 10% for West Nile subregion, refugee humanitarian settings, where refugees from South Sudan and Congo are harbored. 12 The condition varied with different regions, highest in the western region particularly Tooro subregion with 41% and lowest.
(PDF) CORRECTION OF MALNUTRITION IN CANCER P ATIENTS WITH

increase and an almost stagnant prevalence of stunting over the past two decades -of the 34 countries that account for 90% of the globalburden of malnutrition, 22 are in Africa. Some African countries (e.g., Ethiopia, Ghana, Mauritania) have had substantial reductions in stunting, but overall, in this region littl Malnutrition is present in 20-50% of hospitalized patients, and nutritional care is a challenge. The aim was to evaluate whether the implementation of a nutritional strategy would influence.

malnutrition indicators (stunting, underweight, wasting, and anemia) for the 543 parliamentary constituencies in India. The results indicate that several constituencies experience a multiple burden of child malnutrition that must be addressed concurrently and as a priority. (Appendix Figures A1-A5 and Tables A1-A4 accompanying this articl Malnutrition prevents millions of Zambia's children from reaching their potential. The rates of malnutrition - among the highest in the world - are reducing the country's chances of achieving its aspiration to be a prosperous upper-middle-income country by 2030.1 Today, in 2016, more than 40% of Zambian children under five are stunted (lo

Malnutrition in Children - UNICEF DAT

  1. coverage by a skilled provider in 2011 was 34%. Prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women was 22%, but only 16.8% of pregnant mothers had taken iron tablets during pregnancy9. Based on the above, the present study aims to assess the factors associated with malnutrition among pregnant women and lactating mothers attending antenatal car
  2. e the prevalence of nutritional risk and the clinical and economic consequences of hospital malnutrition in oncology patients hospitalised in Spanish centres. This was an observational, cross-sectional, multicentre study
  3. The prevalence of malnutrition was derived from the generation of weight-for-age z scores and described in relation to cleft type, gender, and ethnicity/geography. For purpose of comparison, the most recent prevalence estimates for underweight in children under-5 were extracted from publicly available national surveys
  4. 1999 and 2017 included a total of 2,300 children <5 years old. They all provided evidence of malnutrition in this population, yet none was designed to give a global prevalence estimate. Added value of this study . This study is the first that attempted to provide a global prevalence estimate of malnutrition in children with unrepaired cleft in.

The prevalence of malnutrition and growth percentiles for

The sample size was estimated based on the prevalence of malnutrition in children under five years old which was 15% (WHO standard prevalence) and a rounded to 196 sample size were included at 95% confidence interval n= (z2x px1-p)/ d2 =1.962x0.15x 1-0.15/0.052 n: sample size, z: confidence level, d: standard error, p prevalence of malnutrition among children under five years was very high, reflecting the critical nutrition situation inherited from the past decades. Overall, 41% of children were underweight and 15% were severely underweight. There were regional variations in prevalence, with the highest prevalence observed in North Kordofan (50%)

This study aimed to determine prevalence of malnutrition and the relationship between the GLIM and the MNA long form (MNA-LF) and short form (MNA-SF) and energy-protein intake. Methods. A total of 252 older adult outpatients (aged 68.0 years, 61% females) were included. Malnutrition was defined according to the GLIM, MNA-LF, and MNA-SF Malnutrition is a debilitating and highly prevalent condition in the acute hospital setting, with Australian and international studies reporting rates of approximately 40%. Malnutrition is associated with many adverse outcomes including depression of the immune system, impaired wound healing, muscle wasting, longer lengths of hospital stay, higher treatment costs and increased mortality

* Some children suffer from more than one form of malnutrition - such as stunting and overweight or stunting and wasting. There are currently no joint estimates for these combined conditions. Prevalence estimates for stunting and overweight are relatively robust. It is therefore possible to track global and regional change Table 2: Key malnutrition statistics of India and Gujarat4 Indicator Gujarat India Child Feeding Practices and Nutritional Status of Children5 Children under 3 years breastfed within one hour of birth (%) 27.1 23.4 Children age 0-5 months exclusively breastfed (%) 47.8 46.3 Children age 6-9 months receiving solid or semi-solid food and. Worldwide prevalence of anaemia 1993-2005: WHO global database on anaemia. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008. 3 The state of the world's children 2011: adolescence - an age of opportunity. New York, United Nations Children's Fund, 2011 The prevalence of hospital malnutrition varies depending on a number of factors, including patients' diagnoses, age, the nutrition parameters, and the screening and assessment tools used. Many studies across continents have cited the prevalence of malnutrition, with malnutrition risk ranging from 15% to 54%. 15-2

Factors associated with malnutrition among under-fives IJG

Stunting prevalence still of public health significance (>20%) in 12 East Asia-Pacific countries Ref: UNICEF database reflecting national surveys in the year shown such as DHS, MICS, national nutrition surveys or living standards surveys Malnutrition of children is a problem which is widespread in both urban and rural areas in Malaysia7•8• Studies in the 1970's have documented the prevalence of mild to moderate malnutrition among urban schoolchildren9•1O• One recent study reports that the prevalence of malnutrition among childre adolescence to continued malnutrition and, when adult, show the ill effects in poor stature, low state of health and a comparatively low working capacity. The prevalence of various communicable diseases in the areas in which hunger also prevails makes the situation still more serious, for resistanc

(PDF) Associations of gender inequality with child(PDF) Malnutrition in care home residents with dementia(PDF) Malnutrition in ICU

Prevalence Of Malnutrition Among Children Under Fiv

Malnutrition (CMAM) Community-Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) is a decentralised community-based approach to treating acute malnutrition. Treatment is matched to the nutritional and clinical needs of the child, with the majority children receiving treatment at home using ready-to-use foods Student number: 45127743 . DECLARATION . I declare that FACTORS INFLUENCING MALNUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE IN KWENENG WEST DISTRICT OF BOTSWANA is my own work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged b 3. How common is the problem of protein energy malnutrition? a) Severe forms of malnutrition are frequent in the order of 5-10% in developing countries b) The prevalence of mild and moderate forms Protein energy Malnutrition range from 20-40% c) Stunting is the more common form of malnutrition than wastin Acknowledgements 3 Purpose of the Manual 5 Foreword 7 Introduction 9 Chapter 1 Defining and measuring malnutrition 15 Chapter 2 Defining and measuring mortality 33 Chapter 3 Designing a survey 53 Chapter 4 Using and interpreting survey results 107 for decision making Chapter 5 Ethical issues 127 Chapter 6 The end point: example of a good survey report 131 Annexes 1.1 Policy Paper Brief: Food. Hunger, undernourishment, and malnutrition rates for Zambia have been reported in different publications as being extremely high and among highest rates in the world. The most recent statistics on undernourishment by Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and World Food Programme (WFP) (2014

Maps » Global Subnational Prevalence of Child Malnutrition

Prevalence of Malnutrition Among School Children in Rural

Prevalence of malnutrition risk was determined by mapping self-reported nutritionDay survey questions to the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST). Fine and Gray competing-risk analysis with clustering was used to evaluate the impact of nutrition risk and food intake on patients' 30-day in-hospital mortality, while controlling for age, mobility. 3. Malnutrition Prevalence in the Acute Setting. Malnutrition prevalence in the hospital (acute) setting has been widely documented in the literature to be between 20% and 50%, depending on the patient population and definition and criteria used for diagnosis [1,54,55]. Rather than only reporting on malnutrition rates, many of these.

Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors in

Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to ill-health, with 50 % of childhood deaths due to underlying undernutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among children under-five seen at Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH. In Prevalence of malnutrition and 1‐year all‐cause mortality in institutionalized elderly comparing different combinations of the GLIM criteria, the authors created and then compare each of 12 different combinations of the GLIM components in a Spanish nursing home sample and find a higher mortality rate among participants with. Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) was present in 33 children (5.3%) while 27 (4.4%) had severe acute malnutrition. Conclusions: The prevalence of global and severe acute malnutrition using z-score is 9.7% and 4.4% respectively while that of stunting is 9.9% with a male preponderance. Keywords: Z-score, Malnutrition, Pre-school, Children, Nigeri MSF-designed fiber optic measuring tapes. In general, the overall prevalence of malnutrition among 6-59 months children was 15.2%. However the prevalence of malnutrition was higher among children of 6-23 months age group (25.8%) as compared to children of 24-59 months (5.4%). Despit

Prevalence of malnutrition and analysis of related factors

malnutrition now facing many countries worldwide - characterized by the coexistence of undernutrition along with overweight, obesity or diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The purpose of this policy brief is to increase attention to, and action for cost-effective interventions and policies to address the doubl Similarly, hunger and malnutrition have a distinct gender dimension and are widespread among the women/mothers, who are more disadvantaged as compared to men. Every second women in India is reported anaemic. Actually, India is among the countries with highest prevalence of anaemia affecting 75% children below 5 years, 51% women of 15-5

Progetti

In the 18 studies reviewed, the reported prevalence of malnutrition after stroke varied widely, from 1.3% to 73%. If the estimates from 2 trials using secondary criteria are excluded, the estimates narrow in range from 6.1% to 62%, the span of which is still greater than would be expected to occur naturally and suggests that in some cases. More recently, the Canadian Malnutrition Task Force began testing and implementing a 'nutritional care pathway' in ten hospitals to evaluate its impact. Where their first study was focussed around identifying the impact and prevalence of malnutrition, the second study looks at the practical, actionable solutions that hospitals can take on The objective of this study is to analyze the relationships between undernutrition prevalence rates among children and adults, both at the level of countries and at the level of smaller. The prevalence of stunting is higher in South Asian region. Globally in 2011, 165 million children are affected by stunting and 52 million children by wasting (Black, et al., 2013). The UN estimates using WHO Child Growth Standards in 2011 revealed that 100 million or 16% malnutrition α= .9) was assessed. The result revealed a high prevalence of malnutrition of 35.4% among the selected secondary school students, using BMI as index. Prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher in SDUSS (43.3%) followed by NCS (35%), ADSS (33.3%) and FGCS (30%). The study recorded a total mean performance score of 44.3% for all the selected schools Food security is defined as a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (FA